CBD is just one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis, however, it could possibly hold up to 80% of the plants medicinal benefits, according to some researchers.
What is it?
CBD is the second most common active ingredient in cannabis and is known to benefit the endocannabinoid system by binding, mainly, to the CB2 receptors in our bodies, as well as other receptors.
What it does
The CB2 receptor is responsible, in part, for controlling inflammatory processes in the body. When CBD binds to this receptor, much like a plug into an outlet, it helps to block that process, thus reducing the inflammation. This is done throughout the body effecting the disease pathways of such illnesses as epilepsy, arthritis, autoimmune disorders, skin diseases, gastrointestinal problems, and other issues known to stem from inflammation. CBD also binds to the 5-HT1A Serotonin receptor which is why it is helpful in treating anxiety and depression, and some of the latest research says it may even be more helpful than the current, excepted treatments. Interestingly enough, though THC is known to be the pain killer, CBD does bind to the Vanilloid receptor, TRPV1, which helps with pain perception, inflammation (again) and the regulation of body temperature, which can be helpful for those suffering from hot flashes, no matter the source. This has also been referred to as the Capsaicin receptor because it is activated by that spice in hot peppers as well, which is why it has been used for centuries in certain cultures to treat rheumatic conditions. It is also known to disable the GPR55 receptor, which, when active, accounts for the proliferation of cancer cell growth.
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